By E. P. Richards
By 1900 the British had undertaken quite a few sorts of city making plans of their colonial territories, however the early 20th century introduced new rules and the delivery of the trendy making plans stream. In India those new making plans principles encouraged numerous really expert experiences after 1900, so much of which drew explicitly on British, or sometimes German, principles. the main entire of those reviews was once the Richards record on Calcutta, ready for the Calcutta development belief and released in 1914.
Its significant issues integrated the construction and widening of roads, slum clearance and development, laws, and suburban making plans. As heritage, it incorporated written and visible documentation of residing stipulations, via charts, photos, and maps. Richards emphasised that stipulations in Calcutta differed significantly from these in city Britain, and made a few allowance in that regard. regularly, notwithstanding, his record exemplifies the try by way of British planners, besides Indian elites, to impose their imaginative and prescient on colonial cities.
Richards’ file was once well-received by means of prime British planners of the day. A observe in Garden towns and city making plans claimed that it was once "the so much whole document on city stipulations and chances which has but been issued". whereas the immediate impact of the record in Calcutta is moot - Richards was once hugely severe of the prior practices of neighborhood officers, and his perspectives have been unpopular together with his superiors - the Richards Reports is still a vital perception into either the advance of contemporary city making plans and the colonial interval in India.
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Additional resources for The Condition, Improvement and Town Planning of the City of Calcutta and Contiguous Areas: The Richards Report (Studies in International Planning History)
The Condition, Improvement and Town Planning of the City of Calcutta and Contiguous Areas: The Richards Report (Studies in International Planning History) by E. P. Richards